Value From The Ground Up™



HOW DO YOU CONVERT TIMBER IN TONS (OR THOUSAND BOARD FEET - MBF) TO CUBIC METERS?

Actual conversion ratios vary by region, species, age class, and individual tree size. Management of the company has determined the total timber inventory using cubic meter conversion factors of approximately one cubic meter equals .127 MBF for northwest softwood species; .114 MBF for northwest hardwood species; 1.33 short green tons for southeast pine species; and 1.41 short green tons for southeast hardwood species.

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HOW DO YOU IDENTIFY A SOFTWOOD?

Any tree with needle-like leaves is considered to be a softwood or conifer.

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WHAT IS THE AVERAGE MATURITY TIME OF RAYONIER'S TIMBER?

For timber from the southeastern U.S. (primarily southern pine), the average rotation length is 25 years for timber sold to lumber mills. Pulpwood from thinnings, when stands are 11 to 15 years old, is sold to pulp and paper mills. The average rotation age for timber destined for domestic and export markets from the northwestern U.S. (primarily hemlock and Douglas fir) is between 35 and 40 years. The average rotation age for timber grown in New Zealand (primarily radiata pine) is between 25 and 28 years.

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WHAT TYPES OF HARDWOODS ARE FOUND ON RAYONIER’S TIMBERLANDS?

Southeastern U.S.: Red oaks, white oaks, gums, yellow poplar, red maple, and ashes.

Northwestern U.S.: Alder and maple.

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WHAT TYPES OF SOFTWOODS DOES RAYONIER GROW?

Southern U.S.: The predominant species include loblolly and slash pine, which are two of the species included in the southern yellow pine group (longleaf and sand pine are also grown).

Northwestern U.S.: Hemlock, Douglas fir, Western red cedar, and spruce.

New Zealand: Radiata pine and Douglas fir.

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